Tag Archives: norway

Delegation to Switzerland, Iceland and Norway and European Economic Area (SINEEA)

The European Parliament’s delegation for relations with Switzerland, Iceland, Norway, but also Faroese Islands, Greenland and Lichtenstein has evolved with the mixing of different separate delegations. First, the delegation for relations with Switzerland was established in 1981, then with Norway in 1982, and then with Iceland in 1987. The European Economic Area Joint Parliamentary Committee (EEA JPC) was established in January 1994 in order to help to contribute more to the democratic control in the fields covered by the EEA Agreements.

Today these delegations have conflated into a single one called the DEEA delegation (also known as SINEEA).

The SINEEA delegation is responsible for the EP’s relations with the Nordic Council, the Conference of Parliamentarians of the Arctic Region (CPAR) and the Baltic Sea Parliamentary Conference. The delegation has permanent seats in the latter, and is also responsible for the relations with the West Nordic Council (aforementioned Iceland, Greenland and the Faroese Islands).

DEEA meets with the EEA member states’ delegations once a year while the EEA JPC, which is composed of an equal number of members of the European Parliament and of the Parliaments of Iceland, Norway and Lichtenstein, meets twice a year.

For more information, please visit:

DEEA homepage

The Arctic

The Arctic is a vast area covering more than a sixth of Earth’s inland, covering all 24 time zones and over 30 million square kilometres. Most of the Arctic is a vast 14 million square kilometre ocean surrounded by treeless permafrost. The Arctic is a truly unique, yet vulnerable region.

There are now approximately 4 million people living permanently in the Arctic, including over 30 indigenous nations. The Arctic region includes the northern territories of the eight Arctic states- the United States (Alaska), Iceland, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Greenland (a territory of Denmark) and the Russian Federation. Five of the Arctic states are members of the European Economic Area (EEA), three of which are also Member States of the EU.

All eight states are members of an institution known as the Arctic Council (AC), founded in 1996. It is a high-level intergovernmental forum, and while not a law-making or resource-distributing body, the AC has produced important analyses and recommendations on environment protection, resource management and guidelines for shipping among others.

The Arctic region is still not regulated by multilateral agreements, because it was never considered that it would become a navigable waterway or that the region would be exploited for business purposes. However, today it can be said that the Arctic region’s geopolitical and strategic importance is growing. This is symbolised by the planting of a Russian flag on the seabed at the North Pole in August 2007.

Although scientists are still arguing over exactly how fast the Arctic’s ice will melt, one thing is clear- the effects of climate change are impacting the region more than anywhere else in the world. Arctic average temperature has risen by twice the global average rise in the past 50 years. The old, thick, permanent ice cap is retreating. In 2007, for the first time in modern history, the deeper-water, northern, more direct route opened for navigation by non-icebreaking vessels.

Such impacts threaten to destroy the already rapidly changing and fragile ecosystem network. The situation with a retreating icecap is perhaps the most worrying, as it affects directly the natural habitat of the region, e.g. posing problems for polar bears’ feeding habits.

Arctic is economically attractive for the AC member states in four main aspects:

  • the exploitation of newly accessible oil and gas deposits (and maybe other minerals)
  • Transit shipping
  • Fisheries
  • Tourism

In November 2008, the European Commission adopted a document (“The European Union and the Arctic Region”). In addition to setting out EU interests and policy objectives in the region, the text also proposes measures and suggestions for EU Member States and EU institutions to respond to the challenges. It is the first step towards an EU-Arctic policy. EU’s main policy objectives are as follows:

  • Protecting and preserving the Arctic in unison with its population;
  • Promoting sustainable use of resources;
  • Contributing to enhanced Arctic multilateral governance.

The Iceland’s EU accession negotiations are currently on. As EU’s presence in the AC would increase with Iceland becoming a Member State of the EU, it is a strategically great chance to play a more active and constructive role in the Arctic region, also contributing to the multilateral governance. It could also help to solve collective environmental problems and increase EU’s interest for the Arctic and for its protection on both regional and international levels.

For more information, please read:

EU Maritime Affairs: “The EU and the Arctic region – Overview”
“European Parliament resolution of 9 October 2008 on Arctic governance” (PDF)
Europa: “The Arctic merits the European Union’s attention – first step towards an EU Arctic Policy”
Arctic Council homepage

CV Indrek Tarand

Né le 3 février 1964 à Tallinn, Estonie

Marié, trois enfants


1972-1983 Diplôme d’études secondaires à Tallinn

1983-1991 Diplôme de l’Université de Tartu, historien/professeur d’histoire

1992-1993 Etudes européennes à l’université Johns Hopkins de Bologne – P. H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies

Formation continue

1984-1985 Service militaire obligatoire de l’Union Soviétique

1997 Formation d’officier de réserve à l’école de combat des Forces de défense

2005 Formation continue pour officiers de réserve Cior Cla, Budapest

Carrière professionnelle

1991-1992 Directeur en relations publiques

1993 Envoyé spécial du gouvernement estonien à Narva

1993-1994 Conseiller du Premier Ministre estonien Mart Laar

1994-2002 Secrétaire général du Ministère des affaires étrangères, Ambassadeur  Extraordinaire et plénipotentiaire d’Estonie auprès du Saint Siège

2002-2003 Directeur des Ressources humaines, Banque d’Estonie

2003-2009 Journaliste indépendant, présentateur télévision et radio

2005-2009 Directeur du Musée de la guerre- Musée du Général Laidoner

2007 Conseiller auprès du Président Géorgien en matière de réforme de l’administration

Télévision et Radio

Présentateur dans « Êtes-vous plus fort qu’un élève de 10 ans ? »

Présentateur dans une émission de radio hebdomadaire


Associations professionnelles

Membre de la société estonienne des étudiants

Membre Fondateur de l’Union Nationale des officiers de réserve.

Membre du conseil des musées


Commandeur de la Légion d’Honneur

Compagnon de Malte de l’ordre national du mérite

Magna cruce equitem ordinis s.gregorii magni (Vatican)

Ordre de Pologne du mérite,  5ème classe

Ordre mexicain de l’Aigle Aztèque

Ordre estonien de la Croix de la Terra Mariana, 3ème classe


Donneur de sang

CV Indrek Tarand

Born 3rd of February 1964 in Tallinn, Estonia
Married, father of three children

1971–1982 Tallinn 21st Secondary School
1982–1991 Tartu University, history and political science studies
1992–1993 Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Bologna – European Studies

Additional Education
1983–1985 Compulsory Soviet military service
1997 Battle School of the Defence Forces – reserve officers’ course
2005 Reserve officers’ additional course Cior Cla in Budapest

Work experience
1991–1992 Tartu Maja – PR Manager
1993 Special representative of Government of the Republic of Estonia in Narva
1993–1994 Advisor to prime minister Mart Laar
1994–2002 Chancellor at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, representative of Government of the Republic of Estonia at the Holy See, Vatican
2002–2003 Chief of Staff at the Bank of Estonia
2002-2003 Chief executive of Estonian Hunter’s Society
2003–2009 Freelance journalist, television and radio host
2005–2009 Director at The Estonian War Museum – General Laidoner Museum
2007 Advisor to the Administration of the President of Georgia

Television and Radio work
„Teletaip“ – “Have I Got News For You”
„Targem kui 5B“ – “Are You Smarter Than A 5th Grader?”
„Tantsud tähtedega“ –  “Dancing with the Stars”

Social activity
Member of Estonian Student Society
Founder of the Estonian Reserve Officers’ Association
Member of the Museum Committee in Estonia

Published articles
Indrek Tarand has published numerous articles on a regular basis.

Commandeur de la Légion d`Honneur (France)
Companion of the National Order of Merit (Malta)
Magna cruce equitem ordinis s.gregorii magni (Vatican)
Order of the Merit of the Polish People’s Republic (5th class)
The Royal Norwegian Order of Merit (Norway)
Order of the Aztec Eagle (Mexico)
Order of the White Star Third Class (Estonia)